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Question 1: Energy exists in different forms such as light, heat, và chemical, mechanic & electrical
I first noticed it in a restaurant. The place was oddly quiet, & at one table a group sat with their heads
bowed, their eyes hooded & their hands in their laps. I then realised that every one, whatever their age group,
was gazing at a handheld phone or tablet. People strolled in the street outside likewise, with arms at right
angles, necks bent và heads in awkward postures. Mothers with babies were doing it. Students in groups
were doing it. The scene resembled something from an old science fiction film. There was no conversation.
Every visit lớn California convinces me that the digital revolution is over, by which I mean it is won.
Everyone is connected. The Thành Phố New York Times last week declared the death of conversation. While mobile
phones may at last be falling victim khổng lồ considerate behaviour, this is largely because even talk is considered
too intimate a liên hệ. No such bar applies to emailing, texting, messaging, posting and tweeting. It is
The MIT professor and psychologist Sherry Turkle claims that her students are cthất bại khổng lồ mastering the art of
maintaining eye contact with a person while texting someone else. It is like an organist playing different tunes
with hands & feet. To Turkle, these people are ‘alone together … a tribe of one’. Anyone with 3,000
The audience in many theatres now sit, row on row, with lit machines in their laps, looking to lớn the stage
occasionally but mostly scrolling & tapping away. The same happens at meetings & lectures, in coffee bars
& on jogging tracks. Psychologists have sầu identified this as ‘fear of conversation’, and have sầu come up with the
In consequence, there is now a booming demand for online ‘conversation’ with robots & artificial voices.
Mobiles come loaded with customised ‘boyfriends’ or ‘girlfriends’. People sign up with computerised dating
advisors, even claim to lớn fall in love sầu with their on-board GPS guides. A robot seal can be picked up in online
In his Conversation: A History of a Declining Art, Stephen Miller notes that public discourse is now
dominated by ill-tempered disagreement, by ‘intersecting monologues’. Anger and lachồng of restraint are treated
as assets in public debate, in place of a willingness to listen và adjust one’s point of view. Politics thus
becomes a platform of rival angers. American politicians are ever more polarised, reduced to lớn conveying a
All that said, the death of conversation has been announced as often as that of the book. As far back as the
century, the literary figure Samuel Johnson worried that the decline of political conversation would lead
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